Posted On: August 16, 2013 by Patrick A. Malone

Anesthesia Drug May Cause Brain Damage in Kids Undergoing Surgery

Drugs that fall under the category of “anesthesia” are powerful in their ability to separate you from the sensation of pain, and when you’re on the operating room table you wouldn’t want it any other way. But a recent study suggests that for youngsters, at least one of these drugs can have ominous effects.

As reported by AboutLawsuits.com, the drug ketamine can have a toxic effect on developing neurons that can cause learning and memory disorders as well as behavioral problems.

The association was described in a study published in the journal Neural Regeneration Research. It found that children younger than 3 who underwent surgery for an extended period or repeatedly got ketamine for multiple surgeries, exhibited learning and memory disorders and behavioral abnormalities when they reached school age.

The research, which was conducted on rats, not kids, found signs of neural toxicity and neuron death caused by the drug. In case there’s any doubt of ketamine’s power, it has been implicated as a “date rape” drug that leaves victims unable to move or remember what happened. It’s in the same class of drugs as PCP (phencyclidine), a dangerous “recreational” drug, and propofol, the drug that killed Michael Jackson.

Ketamine is a common anesthetic used in combination with a sedative. Apart from pediatric uses, it’s also common in veterinary medicine. Short term side effects sometimes include hallucinations and elevated blood pressure.

The Neural Regeneration Research scientists replicated results found in other studies. They expressed concern that ketamine might cause long-term neurological damage in children, prompting disabled learning and memory function. Dyslexia, hyperactivity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were mentioned specifically.

“Researchers,” said AboutLawsuits, “urge health-care providers and parents to weigh the risks with the benefits when considering using ketamine during surgery.”

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